As illustrated in Figure 4, we obtain the sequence
Figure 4: Random Number Cycle for Example 2-- LCG(5,0,16,1).
Note that we now have a period, P, of only 4 --- this is 1/4 the modulus. In
fact, when m is a power of 2 (here, ) and c = 0, the maximum
period is . Here again, we note that the low order bits are not
random. In fact, the two least significant bits are constant, always 01; and
the most significant bits are quasi-random, exhibiting the pattern 00, 01, 10,
Also, the sequence is correlated, as all successive integers differ by 4 from