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Wilson, K. G. Basic Issues of Computational Science, presented at the International Conference In Computational Physics, Trieste, October, 1986.

Grand Challenges: High Performance Computing and Communications. The FY 1992 U.S. Research and Development Program. Supplement to the President's Fiscal Year 1992 Budget. p.7.

Swanson, C. D. Computational Science Education, Cray Research Internal Working Document, September 1994.

Decker, J.F., Johnson, G.M., Computational Science: An Assessment and Projection, Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Computational Physics, Beijing, September 1993, World Scientific.

Goldstine, H. The Computer from Pascal to von Neumann. Princeton University Press, 1972. [ A detailed account of early developments in computing. Goldstine was himself a key figure in the ENIAC and EDVAC projects].

Hayes, J. P. Computer Architecture and Organization. McGraw-Hill, 1978. [ Out of date now as a text on computer architecture, but it has a very nice section on historical computers, including details on how Babbage's machine used the method of finite differences to calculate functions].

Hodge, A. Alan Turing: The Enigma. Simon and Schuster, 1983. [ A comprehensive biography of Turing; Hodge is a mathematician who provides a satisfying explanation of Turing's contributions to that field as well as his work on computers and artificial intelligence].

Slater, R. Portraits in Silicon. MIT Press, 1987. [ Biographical vignettes on over 30 influential figures in computer science and the computer industry from Babbage, Turing, and von Neumann to Seymour Cray, Bill Gates, and Ross Perot].

Wilson, K. G. Grand Challenges to Computational Science. Cornell University, May 1987.